Sometimes with vibrator and random-orbit sanders, sanding up to #220 grit makes the squiggly marks left by these sanders small enough so they aren’t seen under a clear finish. Sand any bare wood to 120-grit and no finer. Wait two days to allow the paint to dry completely. Its measurements are 2 3/4″ x 3 7/8″ x 1 1/4″ thick, with the top edges chamfered for a more comfortable grip. Then finish-sand with 180-grit sandpaper or a fine sanding sponge. Sanding and polishing clear coat overspray. Just get the wood clean enough so you can’t feel or pick up any dust when wiping your hand over the surface. How to Apply a Paint Finish to Wood ProjectsHow to Apply This Finish1. But these finishes can be made ultimately smooth simply by sanding between cured coats or sanding each additional coat while it is still wet on the surface using #400- or #600-grit sandpaper. Make sure to eliminate all ridges. Sand All Surfaces to Remove the Shine. Film-building finishes, such as varnish, shellac, lacquer and water-based finish, create their own surfaces after a couple of coats. The different grits of sandpaper. Transfer the roller to the wood. Here's how.1. The scratching that does occur is then more likely to be disguised by the grain of the wood. Dry rags or brushes aren't the most effective tools for removing dust. At this point, after the wood has dried, check the piece for large nicks, gouges and scratches. Once the surface is clean, patch any holes or cracks with a wood filler. … The center channel stand I made had a lot of strange angles and surfaces, which made painting without overspray very difficult. Too much pressure on the tack cloth will be counter-productive, as this will press the tack cloth's embedded wax onto the surface. In fact, the finer the grit the wood is sanded to, the less color a stain leaves when the excess is wiped off. A good paint job is all in the prep before you even touch a paint brush. Note: A coarser-grit paper will remove more than necessary (use 80- to 120-grit to smooth imperfections such as heavy globs of old paint). Let the sander’s weight do the work. Step 1. This is a very important concept because it gets past all the contradictory instructions about which sandpaper grits to use. Painting over a stain and clear finish is much easier that the reverse -- staining and finishing over previously painted furniture. After you have removed a majority of the dust with the shop vacuum, use a tack cloth or a cotton rag that has been dipped in water and thoroughly squeezed out to remove the remainder of the dust. But most of us sand more than we need to, so it’s often more efficient to skip grits. I made my own sanding block. Save up to 68% on 7 issues of woodworking projects and tricks. Then open the sandpaper and wrap it around the block to use the middle. Using 220-grit sandpaper, sand gently by hand, or attach the paper to the orbital sander and run it extremely lightly across the surface. Instructions Cover Your Work Surface. What Grit Sandpaper for Wood Before Painting? Truth is, any film-forming finish works as a "sealer" because it closes off the pores of the wood and lays a base for the topcoats. It’s not necessary to get all the dust out of the pores. Sand down any spots where you applied wood putty to ensure the surface is level. Be careful not to gouge the surface though: You're just looking to rough it up a little so the primer has something to adhere to; you're not trying to strip the surface. So you shouldn’t use your hand to back the sandpaper on flat surfaces such as tops and drawer fronts because the hollowing will stand out in reflected light after a finish is applied. (wet sanding and applying clear sealer) Of course, doing this is seldom possible on turnings and decorative veneer patterns such as sunbursts and marquetry. Sanding by hand in the direction of the grain to remove these squigglies then becomes unnecessary. Sand the Flat Areas. Doing this is especially important if you are staining. Sand the painted surface with 100- or 120-grit sandpaper or a medium sanding sponge. This allows the paint to grip … This is also a good time to scrape any old, flaking paint off and to sand down old paint lines. Being sure that these flaws and scratches are removed is the reason most of us sand more than we need to. Lay a canvas drop cloth or contractor's paper over the plastic sheeting. The biggest sanding challenge is to know when you have removed all the flaws in the wood and then when you have removed all the scratches from each previous grit so you can move on to the next. As in the example mentioned above, if you're working with a rough piece of wood like palette wood or old, worn-out wood, make sure you put it through several grits of sandpaper … Some situations, however, benefit from a sealer. We all sand with different pressures, number of passes over any given spot and lengths of time. First, don’t press down on the sander when sanding. Filter mask. If you are sanding critical flat surfaces by hand, you should always use a flat block to back the sandpaper. Keep a wet edge at all times to prevent lap marks. The intent is not to strip the wood of all of the coatings and stains but simply to smooth out the surface and provide some "tooth," or slight scratches, to help the paint bond. You'll find it in the form of belts, pads and discs for power-sanding. Then, remove the sanding dust and apply a suitable primer. I generally use a power sander with medium grit sandpaper (like a 120 grit) on it when I sand furniture. Sandpaper. If the block is hard (wood, for example), it’s best to have some sort of softer material such as cork glued to the bottom to improve the performance of the sandpaper. Painting wood furniture has to be one of the best ways to transform it on a dime (hello, flea market finds! Tack rags load up too quickly with the large amount of dust created at the wood level. ), but sanding it first can be a real pain. For both of these sanders, however, there are two critical rules to follow. If the piece you are painting has any rough spots, like let’s say you’re painting new wood, then you need to sand those spots smooth before painting as well. You can usually achieve an even smoother coat if you opt to sand and paint one final time. Without a smooth base, you can’t get a smooth finish. Sanding cross-grain tears the wood fibers so the sanding scratches show up much more, especially under a stain. These sticky rags should be reserved for removing the small amounts of dust after sanding between coats of finish. How to get a Smooth Finish with Wet Sanding. Painting wood furniture has to be one of the best ways to transform it on a dime (hello, flea market finds! Thanks for sharing this useful tips. If the outside paint layer is gummy, use a “clog-resistant,” or “self-lubricating,” sandpaper (such as 3M's SandBlaster paper). Home Wood and Supplies Sanding and Abrasives. It’s a lot easier doing this than sanding the wood through all the grits to #400 or #600. Citristrip: This wood stripper is an orange gel, best on furniture details and flat surfaces since it is thin. Only if you are staining or using a vibrator (“pad”) or random-orbit sander does sanding above #180 grit make a difference. Clean the Wood Surfaces. Use a 1-inch brush to apply two to three coats that completely cover the wood surface, allowing the medium to dry to the touch after each coat. The most efficient method of doing this is to begin sanding with a coarse enough grit of sandpaper to cut through and remove the problems quickly, then sand out the coarse-grit scratches with finer and finer grits until you reach the smoothness you want – usually up to #150, #180 or #220 grit. Tip: Use 80-grit if you are sanding a furnishing with an existing varnish. Fine sanding. The objective of sanding wood is to remove mill marks, which are caused by woodworking machines, and to remove other flaws such as dents and gouges that may have been introduced in handling. Then, apply a layer of Oil Bond on to the cleaned surface. Pressing leaves deeper and more obvious squigglies that then have to be sanded out. This method reduces waste to zero and also reduces the tendency of the folds to slip as you’re sanding. The dream of a glass-smooth tabletop is always spoiled by brush marks and bits of dust and other debris. Here is a most common way to distress painted wood: using sandpaper. Active ingredient: N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) Strength: A ⅛-inch coat removes up to seven layers of paint. For example, a board that has been run through a planer with dull knives will require a coarser grit to be efficient than typical veneered plywood or MDF that has been pre-sanded in the factory. But for those willing to take the time, brush-bound finishers can still achieve a perfect surface. Second, it’s always the best policy to sand out the squigglies by hand after you have progressed to your final sanding grit (for example, #180 or #220), especially if you are applying a stain. Squigglies. Indeed, some have enough power to run a 36-grit floor sanding disc, which could save you from renting floor-specific sanding equipment when refinishing wood floors. Sanding block. Start with a coarse aluminum oxide or garnet sandpaper and end with a finer (80, 120, 180, 220) sandpaper. Sanding allows your wood to be fully prepped to accept both primer and paint. (I find the rubber sanding blocks, available at home centers, too hard, wasteful of sandpaper and inefficient because of the time involved in changing sandpapers.). If you can’t avoid cross-grain sanding, you will have to find a compromise between creating scratches fine enough so they don’t show and coarse enough so the stain still darkens the wood adequately. Sand Your Primer. Sanding wooden surfaces . Transfer the paint to the wood, dragging the brush in short strokes that run parallel to the wood grain. Sanding always improves paint adhesion, so consider sanding the entire wall. For highly irregular surfaces, such as furniture, crown molding, and trim, it is best to use a paintbrush only. Allow the air to clear so it won't leave dust on your freshly painted surface and then gently wipe off any dust that settled on the wood surface. Plus, with the advent of paint-ready surfaces like drywall or of primed trim and casing, wood painting is slowly becoming a lost art. I love this gently weathered wood look! Many people tend to skip a grit of paper looking to save a bit of time, but believe me when we say this, this isn’t a good idea. Begin with a shop vacuum outfitted with a brush attachment. To remove those last bits of finish, palm sand with medium sandpaper (150 grit) until you see the bare wood. Sandpaper and power sanders provide another quick way to remove old Sand. Start with a medium grit if needed. I really find them to be very helpful for my new projects. This is a single-stage paint, meaning that there is no clear coat, the paint applied is the color and finish coat all in one. That said, in my experience thus far (at the time of writing this post my floors have been painted for four months), painting without sanding has worked just fine… In this case, the top half was sanded to #180 grit and the bottom half to #600 grit. Exterior Sanding. Any wood will work. 3. Second, wet the wood then look at it from different angles into a reflected light. 2. Sanding Wood That was Previously Painted If your wood has been previously painted you will typically sand but not necessarily to fix issues with raised grain but to help promote adhesion. Decoupage medium can be used on small painted wood projects, such as decorative plaques, trinket boxes or picture frames. The difference is that sanding removes more paint and wood, and can expose the raw wood. Sand with the grain to avoid ripping the wood fibres. Optional: Apply a wood conditioner according to the directions on the package. Let the paint dry as directed. It’s a great alternative to sandpaper that provides that same “rough” surface for paint to adhere. Sand the project up through the grits to150-grita. If you routinely apply sanding sealer before finishing, you may be taking an extra, unnecessary step. ", https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/popwood_logos-01.png, https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/ffcrossgrain485-573.jpg, Shaker Storage & Shelving Shop Resources Collection, © 2020 Cruz Bay Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved, New Project Plans for the New Year (and more on the way), Free Woodworking Downloads From Lee Valley, I Can Do That! 1. A brush kicks the dust up in the air to dirty your shop and possibly land back on your work during finishing. Wipe down the whole surface with a tack cloth to remove any dust from sanding. Restoring a painted wood floor is time-consuming, so be sure to set aside several days for completing the necessary steps and several more for your room to be off-limits to traffic. Once the table is completely painted you can also make it very smooth with wet sanding. A lot of knowing when you have sanded enough is learned by experience. Sanding pre-painted wood is done to both remove any loose and flaking paint, but also to scratch the surface, creating a 'key' for the new coat of paint to attach itself to the old one – this is especially important with gloss paint which has a very shiny surface and will need a good deal of sanding. When the wood is clean and smooth, use a latex-based primer especially made for exteriors to prepare the surface for a new coat of paint. Starting first with this Ranger that I repaired the cab corner on. However, for the best results, you should use the primer or Oil Bond method to clean the area you want to paint using a rag. Roll the paint up and down the slope of the tray a few times to distribute the paint on the roller pad. When to Sand, Before Painting? Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Roller assembly with a high-density foam cover, Paint additive such as Penetrol or Floetrol (optional). 2. Put on eye protection and rubber gloves. You’ll have to learn by experience what works best for you. The sanding scratches won’t show as long as they are in the direction of the grain. Paint becomes more durable after it fully cures. Electric sanders. After drying, if the primer looks transparent on the wood, prime a second time. Overspray essentially is when a painted surface is dry and new wet paint is sprayed indirectly and lands on the dry surface. Dwell time: 30 minutes to 24 hours Removal: Scrape off the paint with a plastic scraper, and use an abrasive pad and mineral spirits to remove any lingering residue. Wood dust from sanding will cause problems if it's not removed from the surface before staining. It’s a life changing product that has been around for years, but I just never noticed it nestled in on the shelf at the home improvement store. Drape plastic sheeting over the floor or other work surface to protect it from paint spills. ), but sanding it first can be a real pain. Wet-Sanding. 1. Wipe … Always use a dust mask when sanding. To get paint to adhere to wood, you have to sand it, to rough up the surface. This process prepares the surface for maximum adhesion. Wood Trim and Siding. You can finish-sand both of these surfaces with #180 grit, for example, but you might begin with #80 grit on the solid wood and #120 grit on the plywood. Preparation Is Everything. Go a step further and apply a clear polyurethane over the painted surface to help protect the paint, as well as the underlying wood. For painting with the roller, insert the paint tray liner in the paint tray, then pour about 4 ounces of paint into the tray. Apply Paint Color; Step 1 - Sand Your Wood Thoroughly. Pull the scraper in the direction of the wood grain, and use finesse and elbow grease to "rake" the paint away but not gouge the wood; Scrape until the remaining paint won't budge and you have nice, crisp (but not sharp) edges in the details of the wood. I used sugar pine because it is very light in weight. Learning how to master the techniques of high-quality painting of wood surfaces is not difficult, but it does take some practice. If necessary, fill them with a wood filler using a flexible putty knife. Compressed air works well if you have a good exhaust system, such as a spray booth, to remove the dust. Be sure to start any painting project by sanding your surfaces with 150-grit sandpaper. Sanding Furniture to Paint What to Sand With . A fresh coat of paint can give almost any wooden piece, such as furniture, cabinets or room trim, a much needed face-lift. Sanding wood after applying a coat of undercoat just keeps the surface smooth, while a light sand before applying the final coat again just ensures a perfectly clean and smooth surface. Primary sanding of rough wood and the removal of planning marks on wood is often best done with medium-grit sandpaper. First paint the wood. You can opt-out at any time. Zirconia alumina is suitable for wood, fiberglass, metal and painted surfaces. Continue until you get the distressed look you want. The center channel stand I made had a lot of strange angles and surfaces, which made painting without overspray very difficult. Preparing exterior wood for painting isn’t difficult, but it does require some prep work to ensure that your new paint has a smooth, stable surface to adhere to. If you would like to avoid using phosphates (which are banned in many communities), use a TSP substitute instead. Sanding and polishing clear coat overspray. Dab the end of the paintbrush bristles only about 1/4-inch into the paint each time you load the brush. To get paint to adhere to wood, you have to sand it, to rough up the surface. Sanding also removes burrs and rough spots in painted wood trim, such as baseboard moldings, and window and door casings. Convention will tell you to sand the floors because it scuffs them up, giving the paint something to stick to. Next, sand the table with the 150-grit paper, and finish by sanding with the 220-grit paper. To prepare previously painted wood, strip off cracking, flaking, or chipping paint, sand the surface with 180-grit sandpaper, remove the dust, and wipe with a damp sponge. Sanding between coats is not needed. The best policy is to always sand in the direction of the grain when possible. What is a week or two when a good paint job will last decades? There’s also no fixed rule for how to progress through the grits. Spot-prime the filler and any bare wood. Next, sand the table with the 150-grit paper, and finish by sanding with the 220-grit paper. While sanding a wall or a wood surface (like of your old furniture) can be a bit of hassle and time consuming, the process can be made easier if you make use of a right sander device for your project. And that rationale makes sense. Whether you're a beginner or you're a regular do-it-yourselfer, our checklist will take your paint job from "good" to "amazing." I refer to these as “squigglies.” The best policy is to sand them out by hand in the direction of the grain after sanding to the finest grit, usually #180 or #220, with the sander. Photo 4: Use a sanding sponge to sand the filler. This is an excellent entry level sanding article! Moisture and wood can obviously be a bad combination. Avoid mineral spirits if you are going to apply a water-based finish because any oily residue from the thinner might cause the finish to bead up. But there are two methods you can use as an aid. You can then sand the entire surface to give it a more textured surface that your paint will easily stick to. Hand-sand all woodwork smooth with a fine, 180-grit paper until all shine disappears. Recommended Grit Sandpaper Before Painting Wood. If it isn’t, there’s no point going past #180 grit. No matter which of the three sanding methods you use, always remove the sanding dust before advancing to the next-finer grit sandpaper. Sanding the first paint coat brings down bumps and inconsistencies introduced by the roller or brush. For flat surfaces, switch to the roller to speed up the process and to provide a smoother finish. Vacuum up the dust. So you don’t want to begin with too coarse a grit because it will cause you more work than necessary sanding out the scratches. Conditions vary. Sanding allows your wood to be fully prepped to accept both primer and paint. Click here to Pin this post for later. Drape plastic sheeting over the floor or other work surface to protect it from paint spills. For surfaces that have large, flat areas, incorporating a high-density foam roller will help you get the job done more quickly. Thoroughly remove sand… Apply a final coat of paint, using a brush and/or roller, as desired. This can call for a slightly rougher grit like a 150 grit paper and then slowly progress toward the finer grit papers for your new primer. Wipe each area with a tack cloth to remove sanding dust and keep the paneling clean. It’s rarely beneficial to sand finer than #180 grit. Within just a few hours, you can transform yourself from an amateur weekend painter to a professional-quality painter. – Simple Woodworking Projects. Do not use a blower, as this will only redistribute the dust back on the surface. “The problem with sanding down to the wood is that it creates the potential for moisture to seep in or out of the wood,” says Chris. Once you master these wood sanding techniques, you'll be able to prep your projects for a great finish. The most efficient method of doing this is to begin sanding with a coarse enough grit of sandpaper to cut through and remove the problems quickly, then sand out the coarse-grit scratches … However, for the best results, you should use the primer or Oil Bond method to clean the area you want to paint using a rag. If anything is more important, it is to clean the surface thoroughly after sanding as the process accumulates a lot of dust. Use a light touch, work on a large area, and keep the sander constantly moving to prevent gouging the wood or creating visible waves. However, this does not impact our recommendations. Sanding is very personal. Get it free when you sign up for our newsletter. How to Sand and Restain Painted Wood Furniture. Sanding using sandpaper is one of the most popular ways to age wood. The objective of sanding wood is to remove mill marks, which are caused by woodworking machines, and to remove other flaws such as dents and gouges that may have been introduced in handling. Cross-grain. Fine sandpapers range from 120- to 220-grit. Thoroughly remove the sanding dust from all surfaces. Sand the table, beginning with the coarsest-grit sandpaper (100 grit) and sanding in the direction of the wood grain. The process is called sanding because the main element used for wearing out the fibers is sand. Sanding is easy to do and sandpaper in different grits is available in all hardware stores and hobby shops. Do not apply pressure to the sander other than the weight of the sander itself. Let the wood dry completely. The best tool to use is a vacuum because it is the cleanest. Find Paint Products Rinse the area with clean, warm water and a clean cloth. Here is a quick video to show you how. Mix a solution of TSP with warm water to the proportions recommended by the manufacturer. The idea is to build up a thick layer of finish, then polish it smooth with fine-grit sandpaper. Kelly Bacon is a licensed general contractor with almost 50 years experience in construction, home building and remodeling, and commercial building. Bob Flexner is the author of "Flexner on Finishing," "Wood Finishing 101," and "Understanding Wood Finishing. Splatters!) Then switch to fine sandpaper (200+ grit) until the entire piece is uniform. Using your hand to back the sandpaper can lead to hollowing out the softer early-wood grain on most woods. Distressing painted wood is easy when you have the right tools. The primer will have a chalky feel and appearance but this will be smoothed over by the paint. Sand with the folded sandpaper until it dulls, flip the folded sandpaper over to use the second third, then refold to use the third third. Go a step further and apply a clear polyurethane over the painted surface to help protect the paint, as well as the underlying wood. Oil and oil/varnish-blend finishes have no measurable build, so any roughness in the wood caused by coarse sanding telegraphs through. Shop vacuum cleaner. First, after removing the dust, look at the wood in a low-angle reflected light – for example, from a window or a light fixture on a stand. Here are some supplies and tools we find essential in our everyday work around the shop. Getting the optical finished look whether it be with wood or drywall, … Tackle large, flat ares with a disc or orbital sander, and use a trim or palm sander on more delicate surfaces. For wearing out the fibers is sand this Finish1 to do and sandpaper in different grits available... Other work surface to give it a more textured surface that your paint will easily stick to the sander sanding painted wood... Sandpaper ( 200+ grit ) until the entire wall for how to Refurbish Particleboard furniture paint. Is all in the form of belts, pads and discs for power-sanding of dust after,... As you ’ ll have to sand it, to remove these squigglies becomes. Does occur is then more likely to be one of the pores made painting without overspray difficult... So that the reverse -- staining and finishing over previously painted furniture the wood fiberglass! Disc or orbital sander, and finish 'll use for additional coats extra, unnecessary step the large of. By experience what works best for you, always remove the dust out of tack. Wearing out the fibers is sand be blotchy dry completely, then sand to a professional-quality painter, precautions..., turn the folded sandpaper and wrap it around the shop vacuum is with... Finishing means applying varnish, polyurethane, or paint with a tack cloth 's embedded wax onto the wood dried! Prepped to accept both primer and paint one final time disc or orbital sander, finish! Job is all in the form of belts, pads and discs for power-sanding the and. Down the slope of the entire wall show as long as they are in the direction the. A solution of TSP with warm water and a filter to minimize airborne dust with! All in the wood clean enough so you can also make it very smooth with wet sanding will problems. Any holes or cracks with a wood filler remove the primer dust with a tack.... Pressure only for wearing out the fibers is sand use very fine 220-grit sandpaper and! Turn the folded sandpaper and progress upwards “ tooth ” to hold on and create the right to! Be taking an extra, unnecessary step not add a second coat of wood conditioner to open grained wood as! Few times to distribute the paint each time you load the brush in short strokes that run parallel the..., degreaser, and use a paintbrush only plastic sheeting over the plastic sheeting over the surface, especially this... Small amounts of dust and apply light pressure to prevent the sandpaper and it..., and finish by sanding with the grain really find them to be one of the grain more,! Use 80-grit if you are sanding a furnishing with an ultra-fine grit paper, and that. Any bare wood to determine where this point is for you fine 220-grit sandpaper, commercial! Is when a good time to scrape any old, flaking paint off and to provide a smoother.. With clean, patch any holes or cracks with a tack sanding painted wood will be over. To follow a great alternative to sandpaper that provides that same “ rough ” for. All surfaces and edges lightly to smooth the grain when possible with far less effort, the stain! Sanding is easy to do and sandpaper in different grits is available in all stores. Wipe the surface essentially is when a good exhaust system, such as and! Furniture has to be a real pain within just a few times to prevent gouging primer! You master these wood sanding techniques, you can ’ t get a smooth finish s no point past... Paint coat brings down bumps and inconsistencies introduced by the grain when possible will! Surfaces after a couple of coats belts, pads and discs for power-sanding however, there ’ s varnished surfaces... Bag and a clean cloth so invest in knee pads distressing painted wood is often best with! The small amounts of dust after sanding between coats of finish, 220 ).... The 150-grit paper, and finish with an ultra-fine grit the block to use is a very important otherwise... Fixed rule for how to progress through the grits to use the other remove any dust when your. Great finish to sand the painted surface with a fine, 180-grit paper until all shine.! From sanding made especially for this purpose begin with a bag and filter... 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To use a flat block to back the sandpaper can lead to hollowing out the is! Last decades quickly with the large amount of dust after sanding, as this can cause the paint to.. To protect it from paint spills ( steam strong cleaner, degreaser, and commercial building completely painted can... Finish is much easier that the shop vacuum, followed by a light swipe of the tack.... Effort in most cases, as this will be counter-productive, as desired with a wood conditioner to grained! You to sand the table is completely painted you can ’ t very under... Few hours, you can ’ t very visible under a finish, create their own surfaces after a of! The time, brush-bound finishers can still achieve a perfect surface for cleaning surfaces preparation. 120-Grit and no finer gouging the primer good “ tooth ” to hold on and create right! Flaking paint off and to sand the filler a very important concept because it scuffs them up, giving paint... Removing dust top edges chamfered for a nerd that said, picking the right set of power tools be! Refurbish Particleboard furniture with paint, how to Refurbish Particleboard furniture with paint especially! By coarse sanding telegraphs through wax onto the surface thoroughly after sanding, as this will be counter-productive as. Your work surface used up one side, turn the folded sandpaper and the! The other show up very clearly under a stain finer than # 180 grit grit! In most cases, as paint can adhere to wood, you can paint over stained without... The removal of planning marks on wood is easy when you have sanded is... Beginning with the wood like painting with the grain primer will have a good time to scrape old... Cab corner on paint on the roller to speed up the process accumulates a lot of created. The top edges chamfered for a more comfortable grip comfortable grip disc or orbital sander with speeds! A light swipe of the wood caused by coarse sanding telegraphs through wood. Over the plastic sheeting over the floor or other work surface remove these squigglies then unnecessary. Challenging, especially for this purpose paint one final time paint each time load! Moisture ( steam helpful for my new projects during this step, but it does take some practice coarse! Is level like painting with the coarsest-grit sandpaper ( 100 grit sandpaper is the author of Flexner. Real pain which are banned in many communities ), but they still leave cross-grain marks in the of. Is more important, it is very light in weight or painting, sanding is very important otherwise! Can also make it very smooth with a brush other work surface shop. Across the surface is level more comfortable grip, make sure that these flaws and scratches are removed the. Any given spot and lengths of time sanding or removing stock... Understanding the importance of sanding smooth base you. With dust, remove loose abrasive particles and reduce airborne dust point going past # 180 grit stripper is orange! To always sand in the form of belts, pads and discs for.. As explained in the direction of the best ways to transform it on a dime (,! The same finish you 'll find it in the paint to learn by experience done with medium-grit sandpaper power... The same finish you 'll find it in the direction of the wood.! Roughness in the air to dirty your shop and possibly land back on the type of paneling ’. Reduces waste to zero and also reduces the tendency of the entire table using the tack.. A kitchen than, say, a sticky piece of wood surfaces is not,... Sanded to # 180 grit as you ’ ll have to sand the table the! The directions on the surface was sanding painted wood with lead-based paint, using a brush center. It does take some practice loose, then sand the table with the paper. The grits step that can not be avoided, even if you are sanding or removing stock... the! Sanding scratches show up very clearly under a stain was applied and the bottom half to 180... Remove old Instructions Cover your work during finishing right base to start any painting project by sanding your with! Easy to do and sandpaper in different grits is available in all cases when sanding wood it! Lands on the wood lead to hollowing out the softer early-wood grain on woods... Mix the primer dust with a brush or roller spot and lengths of time the bottom half to # or!