romania map europe

[54] Scholars supporting the continuity theory are convinced that most Latin-speaking commoners stayed behind when the army and civil administration was withdrawn. [118] The organization of the Transylvanian Military Frontier caused further disturbances, especially among the Székelys in 1764. [259], Since December 1989, Romania has pursued a policy of strengthening relations with the West in general, more specifically with the United States and the European Union, albeit with limited relations involving the Russian Federation. [222], During the 2000s, Romania enjoyed one of the highest economic growth rates in Europe and has been referred at times as "the Tiger of Eastern Europe". The core player of this golden generation was Gheorghe Hagi, who was nicknamed "Maradona of the Carpathians". Afterwards Bukovina, Bessarabia, Transylvania as well as parts of Banat, Crișana, and Maramureș became part of the sovereign Kingdom of Romania. Arta populara", "Winter holidays and Christmas traditions in Romania: the Bear dance, the Masked carolers and the Goat", "ROMANIA – Traditions and Folklore – Official Travel and Tourism Information", "Ministrul Agriculturii: UE accepta ca mieii de Pasti si porcii de Craciun sa fie sacrificati in mod traditional – Actualitate", "Martisor, a Spring celebration for Eastern Europeans", "Christina Bradatan, Cuisine and Cultural Identity in Balkans", "Romanian Recipes – like mom used to make", "28 Romanian Foods The Whole World Should Know – oneJive", "Retete traditionale Moldova: retete peste sau cu carne de porc", "Bucatarie romaneasca – Cultura si retete – Articole", "Țuica production consumed 75% of Romanian plums in 2003", "Football's impact in the Romanian economy reaches EUR 740 million annually, FRF estimates show", "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking – Associations – Romania – Men's", "Gheorghe Hagi: the Maradona of the Carpathians", "Nicolae Dobrin: Romania's true greatest ever player", "European Footballer of the Year ("Ballon d'Or") 1970", "Video Un Rio Formidabil: Mircea Lucescu, atacant dreapta în echipa de vis", "Former Romania captain Costica Stefanescu dies aged 62", "Concluzia dura a unei legende de la Steaua: Totul e un dezastru! [170][171], The 1938 Munich Agreement convinced King Carol II that France and the United Kingdom could not defend Romanian interests. [297] The economy is based predominantly on services, which account for 56.2% of the country's total GDP as of 2017, with industry and agriculture accounting for 30% and 4.4% respectively. Following the war, under the occupation of the Red Army's forces, Romania became a socialist republic and a member of the Warsaw Pact. [273], Romania contributed troops to the international coalition in Afghanistan beginning in 2002,[274] with a peak deployment of 1,600 troops in 2010 (which was the 4th largest contribution according to the US). He was World Number 2 in 2015. [281] The cities and communes correspond to the NUTS-5 level divisions, but there are no current NUTS-4 level divisions. These would last until the 15th century. [199] Until the early 1960s, the government severely curtailed political liberties and vigorously suppressed any dissent with the help of the Securitate—the Romanian secret police. [143] Although Romanian scholars strove for the unification of all Romanians into a Greater Romania, the government did not openly support their irredentist projects. [309] Around a third of the produced energy comes from renewable sources, mostly as hydroelectric power. Zoom Map. Lonely Planet. [288] According to The World Bank, GDP per capita in purchasing power parity grew from $13,687 in 2007 to $28,206 in 2018. [368] In 2010, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie identified 4,756,100 French speakers in the country. Romania ; Related Content. [196][197][198], In 1948, the state began to nationalise private firms and to collectivise agriculture. [320] The number of tourists has been rising steadily, reaching 9.33 million foreign tourists in 2016, according to the Worldbank. It shares land borders with Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east and has its opening to the Black Sea. The average annual temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) in the south and 8 °C (46 °F) in the north. [233] In 2016 the Human Development Index ranked Romania as a nation of "Very High Human Development". [192] Thus, they rapidly established themselves as the dominant political force. [167][168] The democratic parties were squeezed between conflicts with the fascist and anti-Semitic Iron Guard and the authoritarian tendencies of King Carol II. [315], There were almost 18.3 million connections to the Internet in June 2014. The Eastern European country of Romania. [41] Burebista was the first Dacian ruler to unite the local tribes. [93][94], The Mongols destroyed large territories during their invasion of Eastern and Central Europe in 1241 and 1242. [84] Scholars who reject the Daco-Roman continuity theory say that the first Vlach groups left their Balkan homeland for the mountain pastures of the eastern and southern Carpathians in the 11th century, establishing the Romanians' presence in the lands to the north of the Lower Danube. [37], Greek colonies established on the Black Sea coast in the 7th century BC became important centres of commerce with the local tribes. [145] Ethnic Romanian politicians sharply opposed the Hungarian government's attempts to transform Hungary into a national state, especially the laws prescribing the obligatory teaching of Hungarian. [211][212], The subsequent disintegration of the Front produced several political parties, including most notably the Social Democratic Party (PDSR then PSD) and the Democratic Party (PD and subsequently PDL). [178] The country regained Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, and the Germans placed Transnistria (the territory between the rivers Dniester and Dnieper) under Romanian administration. [478] Other Romanian athletes who collected five gold medals like Comăneci are rowers Elisabeta Lipa (1984-2004) and Georgeta Damian (2000-2008). Care este povestea "Campioanei Provinciei, "FC Petrolul – UTA Arad/Duelul celor zece titluri! [244] The country had a had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 5.95/10, ranking it 90th globally out of 172 countries. Foreign citizens and stateless persons who live in Romania have access to justice and education in their own language. Charta Principateloru Unite ale României; Hărţi despre România; A. Atlas of Romania ; Atlas of Székely Land; Atlas of Transylvania; Media in category "Maps of Romania" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 275 total. La Roumanie a achevé les négociations d'adhésion lors du sommet européen de Bruxelles le 17 décembre 2004.Le traité d'adhésion a été signé le 25 avril 2005 à l'Abbaye de Neumünster à Luxembourg. [111] The Wallachian prince, Michael the Brave, united the three principalities under his rule in May 1600. [44] Dacia was again united under Decebalus around 85 AD. [165][166] With oil production of 5.8 million tons in 1930, Romania ranked sixth in the world. [321] Tourism in Romania attracted €400 million in investments in 2005. In the club competition Romanian teams have won the EHF Champions League a total of three times, Steaua București won in 1968 as well as 1977 and Dinamo București won in 1965. [80] The first king of Hungary, Stephen I, who supported Western European missionaries, defeated the local chieftains and established Roman Catholic bishoprics (office of a bishop) in Transylvania and Banat in the early 11th century. Romania terminated its mission in Iraq and withdrew its last troops on 24 July 2009, among the last countries to do so. [215], Corruption has also been a major issue in contemporary Romanian politics. Around the World. [331] More than 1.9 million foreign tourists visited Romania in 2014, 12% more than in 2013. [108] The Romanians' Orthodox faith remained only tolerated,[108] although they made up more than one-third of the population, according to 17th-century estimations. [240] At 5,800 km2 (2,200 sq mi),[241] the Danube Delta is the largest continuous marshland in Europe,[242] and supports 1,688 different plant species alone. [270], The Air Force currently operates modernised Soviet MiG-21 Lancer fighters. [67] After the Avar Khaganate collapsed in the 790s, Bulgaria became the dominant power of the region, occupying lands as far as the river Tisa. [389], Romania ranks fifth in the all-time medal count at the International Mathematical Olympiad with 316 total medals, dating back to 1959. [3] Like other countries in the region, its population is expected to decline gradually as a result of sub-replacement fertility rates and negative net migration rate. Romania Map Of Europe Photo Gallery. The market for professional football in Romania is roughly €740 million according to UEFA. [202], In 1965, Nicolae Ceaușescu came to power and started to conduct the country's foreign policy more independently from the Soviet Union. [364] The Romanian alphabet contains the same 26 letters of the standard Latin alphabet, as well as five additional ones (namely ă,â,î,ț, and ș), totaling 31. [406], Prominent Romanian painters include: Nicolae Grigorescu, Ștefan Luchian, Ion Andreescu Nicolae Tonitza and Theodor Aman. Go back to see more maps of Romania  ... Bucharest; Europe Map; Asia Map; Africa Map; North America Map; South America Map; Oceania Map; Advertising. Description: Detailed large political map of Romania showing names of capital cities, towns, states, provinces and boundaries with neighbouring countries. [459] Other important Romanian football clubs are Rapid București,[460] UTA Arad,[461] Universitatea Craiova,[462] Petrolul Ploiești,[463] CFR Cluj,[464] Astra Giurgiu,[465] and Viitorul Constanța. Executive functions are held by both government and the president. I rely on donations to carry out my mission to make quality mods for free. [261], Romania opted on 1 January 2007, to accede to the Schengen Area, and its bid to join was approved by the European Parliament in June 2011, but was rejected by the EU Council in September 2011. An overwhelming majority of the population identify themselves as Christians. In the history of flight, Traian Vuia built the first airplane to take off under its own power[333] and Aurel Vlaicu built and flew some of the earliest successful aircraft,[334] while Henri Coandă discovered the Coandă effect of fluidics. [36][37] The Cucuteni–Trypillia culture—the best known archaeological culture of Old Europe—flourished in Muntenia, southeastern Transylvania and northeastern Moldavia in the 3rd millennium BC. [467] Romania reached the Davis Cup finals three times in 1969, 1971 and 1972. You guessed it: white. [35] Some of them developed into "proto-cities",[35] which were larger than 320 hectares (800 acres). Over 12.8 million passengers flew through Bucharest's Henri Coandă International Airport in 2017. Other denominations include Protestantism (6.2%), Roman Catholicism (4.3%), and Greek Catholicism (0.8%). Description: Detailed clear large road map of Romania with road routes from cities to towns, road intersections / exit roads in regions, provinces, prefectures, also with routes leading to neighboring countries. [216] In November 2015, massive anti-corruption protests which developed in the wake of the Colectiv nightclub fire led to the resignation of Romania's Prime Minister Victor Ponta. [434], The governing body is the Romanian Football Federation, which belongs to UEFA. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest. [172] The two countries concluded a treaty concerning the coordination of their economic policies in 1939, but the King could not persuade Adolf Hitler to guarantee Romania's frontiers. [401], In the 20th century, a number of Romanian artists and writers achieved international acclaim, including: Tristan Tzara, Marcel Janco,[402] Mircea Eliade, Nicolae Grigorescu, Marin Preda, Liviu Rebreanu,[403] Eugène Ionesco, Emil Cioran, and Constantin Brâncuși. 3500x1879 / 1,12 Mb Go to Map. [102][103] A military commander of Romanian origin, John Hunyadi, organised the defence of the Kingdom of Hungary until his death in 1456. [285] According to the World Bank, Romania is a high-income economy. [70] Centuries later, the Gesta Hungarorum wrote of the invading Magyars' wars against three dukes—Glad, Menumorut and the Vlach Gelou—for Banat, Crișana and Transylvania. All rights reserved. [353] In 1930, there were 745,421 Germans living in Romania,[354] but only about 36,000 remained in the country to this day. [349] Starting in December 2014, Romania became a co-owner of the International Space Station. [352] Hungarians constitute a majority in the counties of Harghita and Covasna. Sper să nu prind ziua când ne vor bate iar, "Ne-a părăsit Ştefan Sameş, fostul mare fundaş al Stelei", "L'Equipe: Nicolae Dobrin, cel mai valoros jucător român din istorie. The municipality of Bucharest is a special case, as it enjoys a status on par to that of a county. [427], Pork, chicken, and beef are the preferred types of meat, but lamb and fish are also quite popular. [224][225] However, Romania's development suffered a major setback during the late-2000s' recession leading to a large gross domestic product contraction and a budget deficit in 2009. [472], Popular individual sports include combat sports,[467] martial arts,[467] and swimming. [150] The country remained neutral when World War I broke out in 1914, but Prime Minister Ion I. C. Brătianu started negotiations with the Entente Powers. [384] In 2018, the adult literacy rate was 98.8%. [254] The latter is elected by popular vote for a maximum of two terms of five years and appoints the prime minister who in turn appoints the Council of Ministers. Find the perfect romania map stock photo. Cum încearcă ministrul Nicolăescu să-i țină pe doctori în țară", "Brancusi's 'Bird in Space' Sets World Auction Record for Sculpture at $27,456,000", "November 9, The price record for a Brancusi masterpiece was set up in 2005 when "Bird in Space" was sold for USD 27.5 M", "Sounds Like Canada feat. [430] Țuică is a strong plum brandy reaching a 70% alcohol content which is the country's traditional alcoholic beverage, taking as much as 75% of the national crop (Romania is one of the largest plum producers in the world). [316] According to Bloomberg, in 2013 Romania ranked fifth in the world, and according to The Independent, it ranks number one in Europe at Internet speeds,[317][318] with Timișoara ranked among the highest in the world. [252], The Constitution of Romania is based on the constitution of France's Fifth Republic and was approved in a national referendum on 8 December 1991 and amended in October 2003 to bring it into conformity with EU legislation. Discover sights, restaurants, entertainment and hotels. [161] Calypso Botez established the National Council of Romanian Women to promote feminist ideas. [391][392][393], Romania has a universal health care system; total health expenditures by the government are roughly 5% of GDP. Illustration about Highlighted Romania on map of europe with national flag. French Roumanie, German and Swedish Rumänien, Spanish Rumania (the archaic form Rumanía is still in use in Spain), Polish Rumunia, Russian Румыния (Rumyniya), and Japanese ルーマニア (Rūmania). Romania ranks 52nd in the Human Development Index,[14] and is a developing country[15][16] with a high-income economy. Most Wallachian and Moldavian princes paid a regular tribute to the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively. ", "Arad: "Bătrâna Doamnă", UTA Arad, împlinește, joi, 74 de ani. [26], The use of the name Romania to refer to the common homeland of all Romanians—its modern-day meaning—was first documented in the early 19th century.[c][27]. ", "Ansamblul sculptural Constantin Brancusi din Targu Jiu", "How important is tourism in Romania's economy? Our map of Romania will help you get straight to the highlights. Here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about. [301] The report praised the consistent enforcement of contracts and access to credit in the country, while noting difficulties in access to electricity and dealing with construction permits. [129][126], The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca authorised the Russian ambassador in Istanbul to defend the autonomy of Moldavia and Wallachia (known as the Danubian Principalities) in 1774. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Permafrost Monitoring and Prediction in Southern Carpathians, Romania", "Meteo Romania | Site-ul Administratiei Nationale de Meteorologie", "Se schimbă sistemul de vot. [83] Cooperation between the Cumans and the Vlachs against the Byzantine Empire is well documented from the end of the 11th century. [31] Neolithic techniques and agriculture spread after the arrival of a mixed group of people from Thessaly in the 6th millennium BC. La Roumanie est une république semi-présidentielle dirigée par un chef de gouvernement, le Premier ministre, et un chef d’État, le président. [154] The General Congress of Bukovina proclaimed the union of the province with Romania on 28 November 1918, and the Grand National Assembly proclaimed the union of Transylvania, Banat, Crișana and Maramureș with the kingdom on 1 December. [369] According to the 2012 Eurobarometer, English is spoken by 31% of Romanians, French is spoken by 17%, as well as Italian and German, each by 7%. [62][63] The nomadic Avars defeated the Gepids and established a powerful empire around 570. [268], The Romanian Armed Forces consist of land, air, and naval forces led by a Commander-in-chief under the supervision of the Ministry of National Defence, and by the president as the Supreme Commander during wartime. [187] Stalin's deputy instructed the King to make the Communists' candidate, Petru Groza, the prime minister in March 1945. This map shows where Romania is located on the World map. Ce vor învăţa copiii şi cum vor fi evaluaţi", "Limited relevants. [116] The Church Union strengthened the Romanian intellectuals' devotion to their Roman heritage. [17] According to Eurostat, Romania's GDP per capita (PPS) was 70% of the EU average (100%) in 2019, an increase from 44% in 2007 (the year of Romania's accession to the EU), making Romania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. [214] In 2019, Iohannis was re-elected president in a landslide victory over former Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă. Bags feeling light?Coffee table looking bare?Get your guidebooks, travel goods, even individual chapters, right here. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Balkan countries map. This episode has been documented widely by both local[209] and foreign media,[210] and is remembered as the June 1990 Mineriad. [204] At the same time, close ties with the Arab countries and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) allowed Romania to play a key role in the Israel–Egypt and Israel–PLO peace talks.[205]. [311] It has one of the largest refining capacities in Eastern Europe, even though oil and natural gas production has been decreasing for more than a decade. [305] The World Bank estimates the railway network at 22,298 kilometres (13,855 mi) of track, the fourth-largest railroad network in Europe. Pages in category "Maps of Romania" The following 5 pages are in this category, out of 5 total. – Interviu", "EXCLUSIV | "Angelo Niculescu mi-a zis că nu mă bagă pentru că sunt maghiar şi Partidul crede că vând meciul. [372] Its canonical jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania and Moldova. – FC Petrolul Ploiești", "EL: Roma and Astra Giurgiu celebrate | Football Italia", "Viitorul confirmed as Romanian champions after row over rules", "Studiu IRES: Fotbalul, cel mai iubit sport in Romania; Simona Halep, locul patru in clasamentul celor mai mari sportivi romani ai tuturor timpurilor – Fotbal – HotNews.ro", "Handball World Mourns the Loss of Icon, Friend & Teacher", "Neagu and Hansen named 2018 World Players of the Year | IHF".

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